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春秋左传翻译王中王特马资
发表时间:2019-10-09
2017-06-28         

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  展开全部《左传*僖公十三年》冬,晋荐饥,使乞籴于秦。秦伯谓子桑:“与诸乎?”对曰:“重施而报,君将何求?重施而不报,其民必携,携而讨焉,无众必败。”谓百里:“与诸乎?”对曰:“天灾流行,国家代有,救灾恤邻,道也。王中王特马资,行道有福。”

  邳郑之子邳豹在秦,请伐晋。秦伯曰:“其君是恶,其民何罪?”秦于是乎输粟于晋,自雍及绛相继。命之曰“泛舟之役”。

  晋惠公从即位以来,连续几年麦禾都歉收。到了晋惠公五年又遇到大荒的年成,仓廪空虚,民间绝食。晋惠公本来想到其他的国家去买些粮食,但又一想,只有秦国和自己的国家临近,秦晋又是婚姻之国,只是前面自己违背诺言没有把河东五城给秦国,心中惭愧,不好意思开这个口。郤芮知道晋惠公的心事,就对晋惠公说:“我们并没有违背自己的诺言,没有说不给他们五城,只是说缓一缓给他罢了。这次我们向秦国买粮食,假若秦国不把粮食卖给我们,那就是秦国先断绝和我们的友好关系,我们不给他的五城也就顺理成章了。”惠公一听,连忙说:“你说的很有道理,是这样的。”于是,就派遣大夫庆郑带着宝玉等物品到秦国,向秦国买粮食。

  有人通告了秦穆公,说晋国要向秦国买粮食的事。秦穆公就召集群臣商议要不要卖粮食给晋国。穆公说:“晋国许诺的五城到现在还没有交割给我们,今天又来买粮食,是不是可以卖给他?”蹇叔、百里奚同声说:“天灾流行,哪一个国家没有遇到,救灾恤民,是人之常理。顺理而行,对秦国有损失吗?再说,他们不知恩图报,使他们的不是,是他们理亏。他们这样做事情,他们的百姓也会憎恨他们的君侯的,万一有一天,两国有了什么矛盾,他们的百姓怎么可能与我为敌?君侯啊,您一定要把粮食卖给晋国。”邳豹一心想着自己的父仇,又气又急,举着双臂,大声说:“晋侯无道,天降之灾。乘晋国饥荒的时候去征讨他们,一定能够消灭晋国。这个绝好的时机不能丢失啊!”繇余说:“仁者不乘危以邀利,智者不侥幸以成功。还是把粮食卖给晋国为好。”穆公说:“背负我的,是晋侯;忍饥挨饿的,是晋国的百姓。我不忍心因为晋侯的缘故而迁祸给百姓。”

  于是秦国运输数万斛的粮食去晋国。从渭水到达黄河、汾河。雍、绛之间,舳舻相接,人们称之为“泛舟之役”,以救晋国的饥荒。晋国百姓无不欢欣、感激。

  冬,秦饥,使乞籴于晋,晋人弗与。庆郑曰:“背施无亲,幸灾不仁,贪爱不祥,怒邻不义。四德皆失,何以守国?”虢射曰:“皮之不存,毛将安傅?”庆郑曰:“弃信背邻,患孰恤之?无信患作,失授必毙,是则然矣。”虢射曰:“无损于怨而厚于寇,三倍原价拿下转播权 腾讯续约NBA争夺体育流量顶,不如勿与。”庆郑曰:“背施幸灾,民所弃也。近犹仇之,况怨敌乎?”弗听。退曰:“君其悔是哉!”

  鲁僖公十四年春季,诸侯在缘陵筑城,然后把杞国国都迁了过去。丰盛集团遭遇债务危机 “同胞公2019-09-19《春秋》没有记载筑城的都是哪个国家的什么人。是文字上的疏漏。

  鄫季姬回国走娘家,僖公非常生气。便留住她不让回去。原因是鄫子不来朝见。夏季,鄫季姬和鄫子在防地见面,鄫季姬让鄫子前来朝见。

  秋季,八月五,晋国的沙鹿山发生了崩塌。晋国的卜偃预言:“一年内将有大灾难,甚至有亡国的危险。”

  冬季,秦国年成不好,派人到晋国求购粮食,晋国人不给。晋大夫庆郑说:“背弃了别的人恩惠便会失去亲近之人,对别国的灾害幸灾乐祸就是不仁,贪图所爱惜的东西就是不祥,使邻国怒发就是不义。这四种德行都丢失了,靠什么来保护国家呢?”虢射说:“我们既己背弃了割让土地的诺言,给不给粮食还有什么用呢?就象是一件皮袍,皮已不存在,毛又将附着在哪里呢?”庆郑说:“丢弃信用、背叛邻国,遇到祸患谁来救济?不讲信用就会发生祸患,失去援救必定灭亡。这件事就是这个道理。”虢射说:“既然秦国已有怨恨,那么即使给了他们粮食,这怨恨也不会有所减少,反而使敌人进一步增加了实力,还不如不给。”庆郑说:“背弃恩德,幸灾乐祸,将被百姓所唾弃。身边的人尚且会因此而仇恨我们,更何况是冤家仇敌呢?”晋惠公还是不听。庆郑退下堂来说:“国君将来必定后悔。”

  Winter, Jin Jian hunger, so to buy in qin. The son of Qin Bowei sang: and all this? Answers: heavy and newspaper, you will ask for? Again without a, its people will join, join and discuss how, without the losing. Barry: and all that? Answers: the scourge pop, country generation, relief shirt adjacent, tao. Track blessed. Middle Zheng his panther in Qin, Jin please cut. Qin Boyue: the gentleman is evil, the people what the crime? Qin then lose millet Yu Jin, from Yong and crimson in succession, said the battle of life boat. The Xi public fourteen years [ the ] ten four year spring, vassal city edge hills. Summer June, Ji Ji and should be met for child. The court should be sub. Autumn August Xin Mao, Shalu collapse. Zheng di invasion. Winter, Cai Hougan died. [ ] from fourteen year spring, vassal city edge hills and moved to Qi yan. He has also not book, que. Should be quarter Ji to Ning, public anger, stop, with children not to look too should be. In the summer, to prevent, to come. Autumn August Xin Mao, Shalu collapse. Jin Bu Yan said: there will be a big country for several years, subjugation. Winter, Qin hunger, so for get to Jin, Jin Eph and. Qing Zheng said: no affinity to fire back cast, heartless, greedy love ominous, angry neighbor unrighteousness. The side is losing, how to keep the country? Winter, Jin Jian hunger, so to buy in qin. The son of Qin Bowei sang: and all this? Answers: heavy and newspaper, you will ask for? Again without a, its people will join, join and discuss how, without the losing. Barry: and all that? Answers: the scourge pop, country generation, relief shirt adjacent, tao. Track blessed. Middle Zheng his panther in Qin, Jin please cut. Qin Boyue: the gentleman is evil, the people what the crime? Qin then lose millet Yu Jin, from Yong and crimson in succession, said the battle of life boat. The Xi public fourteen years [ the ] ten four year spring, vassal city edge hills. Summer June, Ji Ji and should be met for child. The court should be sub. Autumn August Xin Mao, Shalu collapse. Zheng di invasion. Winter, Cai Hougan died. [ ] from fourteen year spring, vassal city edge hills and moved to Qi yan. He has also not book, que. Should be quarter Ji to Ning, public anger, stop, with children not to look too should be. In the summer, to prevent, to come. Autumn August Xin Mao, Shalu collapse. Jin Bu Yan said: there will be a big country for several years, subjugation. Winter, Qin hunger, so for get to Jin, Jin Eph and. Qing Zheng said: no affinity to fire back cast, heartless, greedy love ominous, angry neighbor unrighteousness. The side is losing, how to keep the country?


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